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|Melting Point:||68.5 °C||Water Solubility:||4100 Mg/L (at 30 °C)|
|Appearance:||White Crystalline Powder||Boiling Point:||159-160 °C At 2.00E+00 Mm Hg|
|Alias:||Xylocaine And Lignocaine||Shipment::||FedEx, TNT, EMS, DHL.UPS,EUB|
anti inflammatory supplements,
local anesthetic drugs
Lidocaine Hcl Pain Killer Raw Powder Antiarrhythmia Agent CAS 73-78-9
Lidocaine, also known as xylocaine and lignocaine, is a medication used to numb tissue in a specific area and to treat ventricular tachycardia. It can also be used for nerve blocks. Lidocaine mixed with a small amount of epinephrine is available to allow larger doses to be used as numbing and to make it last longer.When used as an injectable, it typically begins working within four minutes and lasts for half an hour to three hours.Lidocaine may also be applied directly to the skin for numbing.
Local numbing agent
The efficacy profile of lidocaine as a local anesthetic is characterized by a rapid onset of action and intermediate duration of efficacy. Therefore, lidocaine is suitable for infiltration, block, and surface anesthesia. Longer-acting substances such as bupivacaine are sometimes given preference for subdural and epidural anesthesias; lidocaine, though, has the advantage of a rapid onset of action.
Epinephrine (adrenaline) vasoconstricts arteries, reducing bleeding and also delays the resorption of lidocaine, almost doubling the duration of anaesthesia. For surface anesthesia, several available formulations can be used for endoscopies, before intubations, etc. Buffering the pH of lidocaine makes local numbing less painful. Lidocaine drops can be used on the eyes for short ophthalmic procedures.
There is tentative evidence for topical lidocaine for neuropathic pain.
Lidocaine is also the most important class-1b antiarrhythmic drug; it is used intravenously for the treatment of ventricular arrhythmias (for acute myocardial infarction, digoxin poisoning, cardioversion, or cardiac catheterization) if amiodarone is not available or contraindicated. Lidocaine should be given for this indication after defibrillation, CPR, and vasopressors have been initiated. A routine preventative dose is no longer recommended after a myocardial infarction as the overall benefit is not convincing.
Inhaled lidocaine can be used as an cough suppressor acting peripherally to reduce the cough reflex. This application can be implemented as a safety and comfort measure for patients who have to be intubated, as it reduces the incidence of coughing and any tracheal damage it might cause when emerging from anesthesia.
Lidocaine, along with ethanol, ammonia, and acetic acid, may also help in treating jellyfish stings, both numbing the affected area and preventing further nematocyst discharge.
For gastritis, drinking viscous lidocaine may help with the pain.
|melting point||68.5 °C||PhysProp|
|boiling point||159-160 °C at 2.00E+00 mm Hg||PhysProp|
|water solubility||4100 mg/L (at 30 °C)||YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)|
|logS||-1.76||ADME Research, USCD|
|Caco2 permeability||-4.21||ADME Research, USCD|
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